American Water Spaniel

Although a very rare breed, the American Water Spaniel has the distinction of being the official State Dog of Wisconsin. A truly dual-purpose dog, bred for companionship and top-notch retrieval ability, the AWS is an excellent swimmer and boasts a water-resistent, double coat. The unique coat can be solid liver, brown or dark chocolate and ranges from marcel (uniform waves) to closely curled.

  • Personality: Happy, eager, and charming; aloof with strangers, and a little stubborn
  • Energy Level: Very Active; Upbeat AWS are outdoorsy athletes who love hunting and swimming
  • Good with Children: Better with Supervision
  • Good with other Dogs: With Supervision
  • Shedding: Infrequent
  • Grooming: Weekly
  • Trainability: Eager To Please
  • Height: 15-18 inches
  • Weight: 30-45 pounds (male), 25-40 pounds (female)
  • Life Expectancy: 10-14 years
  • Barking Level: Barks When Necessary

meet theAmerican Water Spaniel

Did you know?

Prior to recognition by the AKC, the American Water Spaniel had been purely a working gun dog.

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at aGlance

theBreed Standard

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  • General Appearance

    The American Water Spaniel was developed in the United States as an all-around hunting dog, bred to retrieve from skiff or canoes and work ground with relative ease. The American Water Spaniel is an active muscular dog, medium in size with a marcel to curly coat. Emphasis is placed on proper size and a symmetrical relationship of parts, texture of coat and color.

  • Head

    The head must be in proportion to the overall dog. Moderate in length. Expression is alert, self-confident, attractive and intelligent. Medium size eyes set well apart, while slightly rounded, should not appear protruding or bulging. Lids tight, not drooping. Eye color can range from a light yellowish brown to brown, hazel or of dark tone to harmonize with coat. Disqualify yellow eyes. Yellow eyes are a bright color like that of lemon, not to be confused with the light yellowish brown. Ears set slightly above the eye line but not too high on the head, lobular, long and wide with leather extending to nose. Skull rather broad and full,stop moderately defined, but not too pronounced. 

  • Back

    Neck round and of medium length, strong and muscular, free of throatiness, set to carry head with dignity, but arch not accentuated. Topline level or slight, straight slope from withers. The body is well-developed, sturdily constructed but not too compactly coupled. Well-developed brisket extending to elbow neither too broad nor too narrow. The ribs well-sprung, but not so well-sprung that they interfere with the movement of the front assembly. The loins strong, but not having a tucked-up look. Tail is moderate in length, curved in a rocker fashion, can be carried either slightly below or above the level of the back. The tail is tapered, lively and covered with hair with moderate feathering. 

  • Forequarters

    Shoulders sloping, clean and muscular. Legs medium in length, straight and well-boned but not so short as to handicap for field work or so heavy as to appear clumsy. Pasterns strong with no suggestion of weakness. Toes closely grouped, webbed and well-padded. Size of feet to harmonize with size of dog. Front dewclaws are permissible. 

  • Coat

    Coat can range from marcel (uniform waves) to closely curled. The amount of waves or curls can vary from one area to another on the dog. It is important to have undercoat to provide sufficient density to be of protection against weather, water or punishing cover, yet not too coarse or too soft. The throat, neck and rear of the dog well-covered with hair. The ear well-covered with hair on both sides with ear canal evident upon inspection. Forehead covered with short smooth hair and without topknot. Tail covered with hair to tip with moderate feathering. Legs have moderate feathering with waves or curls to harmonize with coat of dog. Coat may be trimmed to present a well groomed appearance; the ears may be shaved; but neither is required.

  • Hindquarters

    Well-developed hips and thighs with the whole rear assembly showing strength and drive. The hock joint slightly rounded, should not be small and sharp in contour, moderately angulated. Legs from hock joint to foot pad moderate in length, strong and straight with good bone structure. Hocks parallel.





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